• Purwanto Purwanto Program Studi Manajemen, STIE Trisna Negara Belitang, Indonesia
Keywords: Dynamic Capability, Resource Access Capacity, Organizational Learning


An increasingly dynamic organizational environment. In an environment that changes dynamically and is full of uncertainty, organizations need to have dynamic capacity to survive and seize opportunities for change. This study aims to examine and analyze the effect of the resource acccess capacity of the owner-manager of SMEs on the dynamic abilities of SMEs both directly and through organizational learning. The research was conducted in the conditions of the Post Covid-19 environmental uncertainty. The research was conducted on 142 of CSR Program Partners of one of the state-owned enterprises in Indonesia.. Data analysis was performed using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The results of the study generally found that the management capacity of the owner-manager of SMEs has an effect on the dynamic capacity of SMEs either directly or through organizational learning. The indirect effect of capacity building programs on the dynamic capacity of SMEs through organizational learning is greater than the direct effect on dynamic capacity. In conditions of changing environment, the dynamic capabilities of SMEs need to be supported by management capacity, namely easy access to information and markets, access to finance, access to cooperation, access to innovation and technology for survival, reactive and adaptive to change.


Alon, I. (2020). COVID-19 and International Business: A Viewpoint. FIIB Business Review, 1–3. https://doi.org/10.1177/2319714520923579
Argote, L. (2011). Organizational Learning Research: Past, Present and Future. Management Learning, 42, 439–446. https://doi.org/10.1177/1350507611408217
Atkinson, C., Mccue, C., Prier, E., & Atkinson, A. (2020). Supply Chain Manipulation, Misrepresentation, and Magical Thinking During the COVID-19 Pandemic. The American Review of Public Administration, 027507402094205. https://doi.org/10.1177/0275074020942055
Bamel, U., & Bamel, N. (2018). Organizational resources, KM process capability and strategic flexibility: a dynamic resource-capability perspective. Journal of Knowledge Management. https://doi.org/10.1108/JKM-10-2017-0460
Basten, D., & Haamann, T. (2018). Approaches for Organizational Learning: A Literature Review. SAGE Open, 1–20. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244018794224
Bernstein, A., Gustafson, M. T., & Lewis, R. (2019). Disaster on the horizon: The price effect of sea level rise. Journal of Financial Economics, 134(2), 253–272. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfineco.2019.03.013
Berry, L. L., Danaher, T. S., Aksoy, L., Timothy, L., & Keiningham. (2020). Service Safety in the Pandemic Age. Journal of Service Research. https://doi.org/10.1177/1094670520944608
Bogers, M., Chesbrough, H., Heaton, S., & Teece, D. (2019). Strategic Management of Open Innovation: A Dynamic Capabilities Perspective. California Management Review, 62, 77–94. https://doi.org/10.1177/0008125619885150
Callaway, S. K., Kevin, C., & Murphy, G. B. (2009). Strategic flexibility and UKM: the role of information technology for managing internal and external relations. New England Journal of Entrepreneurship, 12, 1. https://doi.org/9-17
Chen, X., Harford, J., & Li, K. (2007). Monitoring: Which institutions matter? Journal of Financial Economics, 86, 279–305. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfineco.2006.09.005
Chien, S., & Tsai, C. (2012). Dynamic capability, knowledge, learning, and firm performance. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 25(3), 434–444. https://doi.org/10.1108/09534811211228148
Chiva, R., Vidal, J., & Lapiedra, R. (2007). Measuring Organisational Learning Capability among the Workforce. International Journal of Manpower, 28, 224–242. https://doi.org/10.1108/01437720710755227
Garrido, M., & Camarero, C. (2009). Assessing the Impact of Organizational Learning and Innovation on Performance in Cultural Organizations. International Journal of Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Marketing, 15, 215–232. https://doi.org/10.1002/nvsm.384
Gassam, J. (2020). How Yout Company Can Drive Positive Cultural Change During A Global Pendemic.
George, G., Merrill, R., & Schillebeeckx, S. (2020). Digital Sustainability and Entrepreneurship: How Digital Innovations Are Helping Tackle Climate Change and Sustainable Development. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 0(00), 1–28. https://doi.org/10.1177/1042258719899425
Ghasemzadeh, P., Nazari, J. A., Farzaneh, M., & Mehralian, G. (2019). Moderating role of innovation culture in the relationship between organizational learning and innovation performance. The Learning Organization, 26(3), 289–303. https://doi.org/10.1108/TLO-08-2018-0139
Gomes, G., & Wojahn, R. (2017). Organizational learning capability, innovation and performance: study in small and medium-sized enterprises (UKM). Revista de Administração, 52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rausp.2016.12.003
Guzman, G. M., Castro, S. Y., & Torres, G. C. (2016). Corporate social responsibility and business performance: The role of Mexican UKM. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 5(10), 568–579. https://doi.org/10.18488/journal.1/2016.6.10/1.10.568.579
Hamilton, R. (2020). Scarcity and Coronavirus. Journal of Public Policy & Marketing, 1–2. https://doi.org/10.1177/0743915620928110
Hao, B., & Feng, Y. (2018). Leveraging learning forces in asymmetric alliances: Small firmsâ€TM perceived power imbalance in driving exploration and exploitation. Technovation, Elsevier, 78(C), 27–39.
Harvie, C. (2004). East Asian SME Capacity Building, Competitiveness and Market Opportunities in a Global Economy. Working Paper, Department of Economics, University of Wollongong, 04–16.
Jankowicz, D. (2000). From `Learning Organization’ to `Adaptive Organization. Management Learning, 31, 471–490. https://doi.org/10.1177/1350507600314004
Jimenez‐Jimenez, D., & Sanz Valle, R. (2011). Innovation, organizational learning, and performance. Journal of Business Research, 64, 408–417. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2010.09.010
Jyoti, J., Chahal, H., & Rani, A. (2017). Role of Organizational Learning and Innovation in between High-performance HR Practices and Business Performance: A Study of Telecommunication Sector. Vision: The Journal of Business Perspective, 21(3), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1177/0972262917716766
Kamyabi, Y., Barzegar, G., & Kohestani, A. (2013). The impact of corporate social responsibility on Iranian SME financial performance. Journal of Social Issues & Humanities, 1(5), 111–115.
Kump, B., Engelmann, A., Kessler, A., & Schweiger, C. (2019). Toward a dynamic capabilities scale: measuring organizational sensing, seizing, and transforming capacities. Industrial and Corporate Change, 28, 1149–1172. https://doi.org/10.1093/icc/dty054
Luxmi. (2014). Organizational Learning Act as a Mediator between the Relationship of Knowledge Management and Organizational Performance. Management and Labour Studies, 39, 31–41. https://doi.org/10.1177/0258042X14535158
Majuri, M., & Halonen, N. (2019). Capability Building Through Dynamic Capabilities and Organizational Learning. In Responsible Consumption and Production, Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Springer Nature Switzerland AG. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-71062-4_2-1
Miles, R. E., & Snow, C. C. (1978). Organization Strategy, Structure, and Process (Internatio). McGraw-Hill Kogakusha, Ltd.
Müller-Merbach, H. (2005). How to structure knowledge: Aristotle and the four causes. Knowl Manage Res Pract, 3, 183–184. https://doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.kmrp.8500070
Patky, J. (2020). The influence of organizational learning on performance and innovation: a literature review. Journal of Workplace Learning, 32(3), 229–242. https://doi.org/10.1108/JWL-04-2019-0054
Pradhan, R. K., Jena, L. K., & Singh, S. K. (2017). Examining the role of emotional intelligence between organizational learning and adaptive performance in Indian manufacturing industries. Journal of Workplace Learning, 29(3), 235–247. https://doi.org/10.1108/JWL-05-2016-0046
Ramos, M. I. G., Donate, M. J., & Guadamilas, F. (2014). Technological posture and corporate social responsibility: Effect on innovation performance. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, 13(10), 2497–2505. https://doi.org/10.30638/eemj.2014.279
Ratnawati, Soetjipto, B. E., Murwani, D., & Wahyono, H. (2018). The Role of UKM’ Innovation and Learning Orientation in Mediating the Effect of CSR Programme on UKM’ Performance and Competitive Advantage. Global Business Review, 19(35), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1177/0972150918757842
Singh, D., Singh Oberoi, J., & Singh Ahuja, I. (2013). An empirical investigation of dynamic capabilities in managing strategic flexibility in manufacturing organizations. Management Decision, 51(7), 1442–1461. https://doi.org/10.1108/MD-05-2012-0332
Soomro, B. A., Mangi, S., & Shah, N. (2020). Strategic factors and significance of organizational innovation and organizational learning in organizational performance. European Journal of Innovation Management. https://doi.org/10.1108/EJIM-05-2019-0114
Souza, C. P. d. S., & Takahashi, A. R. W. (2019). Dynamic capabilities, organizational learning and ambidexterity in a higher education institution. The Learning Organization, 26(4), 397–411. https://doi.org/10.1108/TLO-03-2018-0047
Teece, D. J. (2018). Business models and dynamic capabilities. Long Range Planning, 51, 40–49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lrp.2017.06.007
Teece, D. J., Pisano, G., & Shuen, A. (1997). Dynamic capabilities and strategic management. Strategic Management Journal, 18(7), 509–533. https://doi.org/10.1142/9789812796929_0003
Temouri, Y., Shen, K., & Pereira, Vijay & Xie, X. (2020). How do emerging market UKM utilize resources in the face of environmental uncertainty? BRQ Business Research Quarterly, 23, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1177/2340944420929706
Thakur-Wernz, P., & Samant, S. (2017). Relationship between International Experience and Innovation Performance: Importance of Organizational Learning for EMNEs Forthcoming in Global Strategy Journal. Global Strategy Journal. https://doi.org/10.1002/gsj.1183
Tirthankar, N., & Asish, K. B. (2016). Corporate social responsibility in India: Exploring linkages with firm performance. Global Business Review, 17(6), 1427–1440. https://doi.org/10.1177/0972150916653032
Wu, L. (2007). Entrepreneurial resources, dynamic capabilities and start-up performance of Taiwan’s high-tech firms. Journal of Business Research, 60(5), 549–555.
Xu, C., Luo, X., Yu, C., & Cao, S.-J. (2020). The 2019-nCoV epidemic control strategies and future challenges of building healthy smart cities. Indoor and Built Environment, 29, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1177/1420326X20910408.
Zafar, F., & Farooq, M. (2014). Corporate social responsibility in small and medium enterprises to achieve organizational benefits. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, 5(1), 2276–2283. https://doi.org/10.21608/jaauth.2016.49715
Zapata-Cantu, L., Cantu Delgado, J. H., & Gonzalez, F. R. (2016). Resource and dynamic capabilities in business excellence models to enhance competitiveness. The TQM Journal, 28(6), 847–868. https://doi.org/10.1108/TQM-03-2014-0030